Parásitos y enfermedades del venado bura (Odocoileus hemionus fuliginatus) en la parte norte de la sierra San Pedro Mártir, Baja California, México.

Joaquín Contreras, Eric Mellink, R. Martínez, G. Medina

Resumen


Resumen: Durante los años 2001, 2002 y 2003 colectamos muestras de ectoparásitos, tejido sanguíneo y excretas de venados cobrados por cazadores en el norte de la sierra San Pedro Mártir, Baja California. Se colectaron ectoparásitos de 15 venados, lográndose identificar a Ixodes scapularis, Rhipicephalus sanguineus, Dermacentor occidentalis, Dermacentor variabilis, Dermacentor albipictus, Lipoptena sp, Hypoderma lineatum, Linognathus vituli y una larva de especie no identificada de la familia Oestridae. No se detectaron evidencias de nemátodos endoparásitos. Se analizaron los sueros de 12 venados para detectar anticuerpos contra el virus de la enfermedad de lengua azul, anaplasmosis y brucelosis registrando seropositividad a las dos primeras, pero no a brucelosis.

Palabras clave: Venado bura, parásitos, enfermedades, enfermedad de lengua azul, anaplasmosis, brucelosis.

Abstract: We collected samples of ectoparasites, blood, and feces of mule deer killed by sport hunters in the northern part of the Sierra San Pedro Mártir, Baja California from 2001 to 2003. We identified ectoparasites on 15 deer, which had 9 species of parasitic arthropods: Ixodes scapularis, Rhipicephalus sanguineus, Dermacentor occidentalis, Dermacentor variabilis, Dermacentor albipictus, Lipoptena sp, Hypoderma lineatum, Linognathus vituli, and one Oestridae larvae of unidentified species. We did not find any endoparasites. We analyzed blood serum from 12 deer to detect blue tongue disease, anaplasmosis, and brucellosis, and we found seropositivity to the two first diseases, but not to brucellosis.

 

Key words: Mule deer, extoparasites, disease, blue tongue disease, anaplasmosis, brucellosis


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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22201/ie.20074484e.2007.11.1.57

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