Madrigueras de Liomys pictus en dos selvas tropicales del Pacífico mexicano.

Yolanda Domínguez-Castellanos, Beatriz Hernandez Meza, Angeles Mendoza D., Gerardo Ceballos González

Resumen


Resumen: Se determinó la estructura y el contenido de las madrigueras de Liomys pictus por tipo de vegetación y temporada del año, en dos selvas tropicales del Pacífico Mexicano. Se encontraron 24 madrigueras: en la selva baja la mayoría son complejas, mientras que  en la selva mediana son lineales, por consiguiente y de acuerdo a la clasificación de las madrigueras, en selva baja se presentaron madrigueras múltiples y en selva mediana madrigueras simples. De acuerdo al contenido, las de selva baja tienen en promedio una mayor cantidad de materiales en comparación a las de selva mediana. Se catalogaron un total de 248 especies de plantas de estas 50 se comparten en ambos sitios, del total de las especies se llegaron a identificar sólo 77. Las familias más representativas fueron Leguminoseae, Euphorbiaceae y Convolvulaceae. La estructura de las madrigueras no esta determinada por la temporalidad, sin embargo el contenido esta determinado con la cantidad de material almacenado aunque la producción de semillas esta definido por el patrón de fructificación que esta dado a lo largo del año.

Palabras clave: Madrigueras, estructura, contenido, Liomys pictus, Jalisco, México.

Abstract: We determined the structure and contents of burrows of Liomys pictus by vegetation type and season in two tropical forests of the Mexican Pacific. 24 burrows were found in the tropical dry forest and most complex, in the semi deciduous forest is linear, and therefore according to the classification of the burrows in the tropical dry forest are more numerous and simple in the semi deciduous forest. According to the content, of the tropical dry forest have on average a greater amount of material compared to the semi deciduous forest. Were categorized a total of 248 plant species of these 50 sites are shared in both the total number of species is to determine 77. The most representative families were Leguminoseae, Euphorbiaceae and Convulvolaceae. The structure of the burrows is not affected by the timing, but the content is determined with the amount of stored material but seed production is defined by the pattern of fruit that is given throughout the year.

Key words: Burrows, structure, food hoarding, Liomys pictus, Jalisco, Mexico.


Texto completo:

PDF

Referencias


Álvarez, T.J., C. López-Vidal y O.J. Polaco. 1988. Estudio de las madrigueras de la rata magueyera, Neotoma mexicana (Rodentia), en la Reserva de la Biosfera La Michilía, Durango, México. Anales de la Escuela Nacional de Ciencias Biológicas, Departamento de Zoología, 32:131-154.

Andersen, D.C. 1987. Geomys bursarius burrowing patterns: influence of season and food patch structure. Ecology, 68:1306-1318.

Bandoli, J.H. 1981.Factors influencing seasonal burrowing activity in the pocket gopher, Thomomys bottae. Journal of Mammalogy, 62:293-303.

Briones-Salas, M.A.1996. Estudio sobre la remoción y postdispersión de frutos y semillas por mamíferos en un bosque tropical caducifolio. Tesis de Doctorado, Facultad de Ciencias, UNAM. México, D.F.

Brown, J.H. y B.A. Harney. 1993. Population and community ecology of heteromyid rodents in temperature habitats. Pp: 618-651, en: Biology of the Heteromyidae. (Genoways, H.H. y J. H. Brown, Eds.). The American Society of Mammalogists, Special Publications USA

Bullock, S.H. 1986. Climate of the Chamela Jalisco and trends in south coastal region of Mexico. Arch. Met. Geoph. Biocl. Ser. B., 36:297-316.

Bullock, S.H. 1988. Rasgos del ambiente físico y biológico de Chamela. Folia Entomológica Mexicana, 77:6-17.

Bullock, S.H. y J. Solís-Magallanes.1990. Phenology of canopy trees of a tropical deciduous forest in Mexico. Biotropica, 22:22-35.

Cameron, G.N., S.R. Spencer, B.D. Eshelman, L.R. Williams, y M.J. Gregory. 1988. Activity and burrow structure of Attwater’s pocket gopher (Geomys attwateri). Journal of Mammalogy, 69:667-677.

Ceballos, G. 1989. Population and community ecology of small mammal from tropical deciduous and arroyo forest in western Mexico. Unpublished Ph. D.Thesis. University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona.

Ceballos, G. 1990. Comparative natural history of small mammals from tropical forest in western Mexico. Journal of Mammalogy, 71:263-266.

Ceballos, G. y A. Miranda. 2000. Guía de campo de los Mamíferos de la Costa de Jalisco, México. Fundación Ecológica de Cuixmala, A. C. Instituto de Ecología e Instituto de Biología, UNAM. México.

Ceballos, G., A. Zsekeli, A. García, P. Rodríguez y F. Noguera. 1999. Programa de Manejo de la Reserva de la Biosfera Chamela-Cuixmala. Instituto de Ecología, SEMARNAP, México, D. F.

Davis, W.H. y P.J. Kalisz. 1992. Burrow systems of the prairie vole, Microtus ochrogaster, in Central Kentucky. Journal of Mammalogy, 73:582-585.

Domínguez Castellanos Y. y G. Ceballos. 2005. Liomys pictus. Pp. 629-630, en: Los Mamíferos Silvestres de México, (eds., Ceballos G. G., Oliva V. G.). Fondo de Cultura Económica-CONABIO.

Evans, M.C. 2008. Home range, burrows-use and activity patterns in common wombats (Vombatus ursinus). Wildlife Research, 35:455-462.

Fleming, T.H. 1974. The population ecology of two species of Costa Rican heteromyid rodents. Ecology, 55:493-510.

Fleming, T.H. y G.J. Brown. 1975. An experimental analysis of seed hoarding and burrowing behavior in two species of Costa Rican heteromyid rodents. Journal of Mammalogy, 56:301-315.

Filip, V., R. Dirzo, J.M. Maass y J. Sarukhán. 1995. Within- and Among- year variation in the levels of herbivory on the foliage of trees from a Mexican Tropical Deciduos Forest. Biotropica, 27:78-86

García, E. 1973. Modificaciones al sistema de clasificación de Köppen. Instituto de Geografía, UNAM.

Hansell, M.H. 1993. The ecological impact of animal nests and burrows. Functional Ecology, 7:5-12.

Harper, S.J. y G.O., Batzli. 1996. Effects of predators on structure of burrows of voles. Journal of Mammalogy, 77:1114-1121.

Hickman, G.C. 1983. Burrows, surface movement, and swimming of Tachyoryctes splendens (Rodentia, Rhizomyidae) during flood conditions in Kenya. Journal of Zoology, 200:71-82.

Hoogland, J.L. 1995. The black-tailed praire dog, social life of a burrowing mammal. University of Chicago Press.

Huntly, N. y O.J. Reichman. 1994. Effects of subterranean mammalian herbivores on vegetation. Journal of Mammalogy, 75:852-859.

Janzen, D.H. 1982. Seed removal from fallen Guanacaste fruits (Enterolobium ciclocarpum) by spiny pocket mice (Liomys salvini). Brenesia, 19:425-429.

Jenkins, S. H. y S. W. Breck. 1998. Differences in food hoarding among six species of heteromyid rodents. Journal of Mammalogy, 79:1221-1233.

Jones, W.T. 1993. The social systems of heteromyid rodents. Pp: 575- 595, en: Biology of the Heteromyidae. (Genoways, H.H. y J. H. Brown, Eds.). The American Society of Mammalogists, Special Publications USA, No. 10.

Kenagy, G.J. 1973. Daily and seasonal patterns of activity and energetics in a heteromyid rodent community. Ecology, 54:1201-1219.

Kinlaw, A. 1999. Areview of burrowing by semi-fossorial vertebrates in arid environments. Journal of Arid Environments, 41:127-145.

Laundré, J.W. y T.D. Reynolds. 1993. Effects of soil structure on burrow characteristics of five small mammal species. Great Basin Naturalist, 53:358-366.

Longland W.S. y C. Clements. 1995. Use of fluorescent pigments in studies of seed caching by rodents. Journal of Mammalogy, 76:1260-1266.

Lott, E.J., S.H. Bullock y A. Solis-Magallanes. 1987. Floristic diversity and structure of upland and arroyo forests of Coastal Jalisco. Biotropica, 19:228-235.

Mankin, P.C. y L.L. Getz. 1994. Burrow morphology as related to social organization of Microtus ochrogaster. Journal of Mammalogy, 75:492-499.

Matson, J.O. y D.P. Christian. 1977. A laboratory study of seed caching in two species of Liomys (Heteromyidae). Journal of Mammalogy, 58:670-671.

McGhee, M.E. y H.H. Genoways. 1978. Liomys pictus. Mammalian Species, 83:1-5.

Meadows, A. 1991. Burrows and burrowing animals: an overview. Symp. Zool. Soc. Lond., 63:1-13.

Meadows, P.S. 1991. The environmental impact of burrows and burrowing animals-conclusions and a model. Symp. Zool. Soc. Lond, 63:327-338.

Mendoza D., M.A. 1997. Efecto de la adición de alimento en la dinámica poblacional y estructura de comunidades de pequeños roedores en un bosque tropical caducifolio. Tesis de Maestría (Ecología y Ciencias Ambientales). Facultad de Ciencias. UNAM, México, D.F.

Murray, B.R. y C.R. Dickman.1997. Factors affecting selection of native seeds in two species of Australian desert rodents. Journal of Arid Environments, 35:517-525.

Post, D.M., O.J. Reichman y D.E. Wooster. 1993. Characteristics and significance of the caches of eastern woodrats (Neotoma floridiana). Journal of Mammalogy, 74:688-692.

Price, M.V., P.A. Kelly y R.L. Goldingay. 1994. Distances moved by Stephens’ kangaroo rat (Dipodomys stephensi Merriam) and implications for conservation. Journal of Mammalogy, 75:929-939.

Price, M.V., N.M. Waser y S. McDonald. 2000. Seed caching by heteromyid rodents from two communities: implications for coexistence. Journal of Mammalogy, 81:97-106.

Rado, R., Z. Wollberg y J. Terkel. 1992. Dispersal of young mole rats (Spalax ehrenbergi) from the natal burrow. Journal of Mammalogy, 73:885-890.

Reichman, O.J. y M.V. Price.1993. Ecological aspects of heteromyid foraging. Pp. 539-573, en: Biology of the Heteromyidae. (Genoways, H.H. y J.H. Browns, eds.) The American Society of Mammalogists, Special publications USA

Reichman, O.J. y S.C. Smith. 1990. Burrows and burrowing behavior by mammals. Current Mammalogy, 2:197-244.

Reichman, O.J., T. G. Whitham, y G.A. Ruffner. 1982. Adaptive geometry of burrow spacing in two pocket gopher populations. Ecology, 63:687-695.

Rzedowsky, J. 1986. Vegetación de México. Limusa. México.

Romañach, S.S., E.W. Seabloom, O.J. Reichman, W.E. Rogers y G.N. Cameron. 2005. Effects of specie, sex, age, and habitat on geometry of pocket gopher foraging tunnels. Journal of Mammalogy, 86:750-756.

Romero-Almaraz, M. de L. 1993. Biología de Liomys pictus. Tesis de Doctorado. Facultad de Ciencias, UNAM.

Sánchez- C., V. y T.H. Fleming. 1993. Ecology of tropical heteromids. Pp: 596-617, en: Biology of the Heteromyidae. (Genoways, H.H. y J. H. Brown, Eds.). The American Society of Mammalogists, Special Publications USA, No. 10.

Sánchez-Rojas, G., V. Sánchez-Cordero y M. Briones. 2004. Effect of plant species, fruit density and habitat on post-dispersal fruit and seed removal by spiny pocket mice (Liomys pictus, Heteromyidae) in a tropical dry forest in Mexico. Studies on Neotropical Fauna and Environment, 39:1-6.

Schmid-Holmes, S., L.C. Drickamer, A.S. Robinson y L.L. Gillie. 2001. Burrows and burrows-cleaning behavior of the house mice (Mus musculus domesticus). The American Midland Naturalist, 146:53-62.

Sheets, R. G., R. L. Linder y R. B. Dahlgren. 1971. Burrow systems of prairie dogs in South Dakota. Journal of Mammalogy, 52:451-453.

Thomas, K. R. 1974. Burrow systems of the eastern chipmunk (Tamias striatus pipilans lowery) in Louisiana. Journal of Mammalogy, 55:454-459.

Vander Wall, S. B. 1990. Food hoarding in animals. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Vázquez, M. M. R. 1999. Estudio sobre la arquitectura de las madrigueras de Chaetodipus baylei (Rodentia: Heteromyidae) en la zona norte de la Paz, Baja California Sur, México. Tesis de Licenciatura, UNAM. Campus Iztacala.

Vleck, D.1981. Burrow structure and foraging costs in the fossorial rodent, Thomomys bottae. Oecologia, 49:391-396.

Williams, L. R. y G. N. Cameron, 1990. Dynamics of burrows of Attwater’s pocket gopher (Geomys attwateri). Journal of Mammalogy, 71:433-438.

Wilkins, K.T. y H.R. Roberts. 2007. Comparative analysis of burrows of seven species of pocket gophers (Rodentia:Geomyidae). The Southwestern Naturalist, 52:83-88.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22201/ie.20074484e.2009.13.1.36

Enlaces refback

  • No hay ningún enlace refback.